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    The Boy Who Dared  by Susan Campbell Bartoletti

    List of Helpful Terms

    "Brownshirt"- a reference to a Nazi party member

    chancellor- the term for someone who acts as the leader of a country, similar to a Prime Minister

    Fatherland- word that refers to the country of Germany

    “The Fuhrer”- term that relates to Adolf Hitler

    Brahms- A German composer

    verboten- (German word)- a German word meaning “forbidden”

    The Great War- a term or nickname that refers to World War I

    Juden- (German word)- a German word meaning “Jews”

    The Treaty of Versailles- a treaty signed by the U.S and other powerful European countries that punished Germany for losing WW I

    German Reich- the term used to refer to Adolf Hitler’s regime and system of government

    infantry- a term that describes a commissioned soldier in the army not holding a distinguished rank

    swastika-  a symbol, usually signifying peace, that was used by Hitler to represent the Nazi Party

    Communists-  a person who supports the idea of communism, a political theory leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned

    Hitler Youth- an organization committed to instilling Nazi values in young men

    Social Democrats- people who supported the idea that the state needs to provide security and equality for its people

    clemency- noun- mercy

    Nazis- stands for National Socialist German Workers' Party, which controlled Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler and advocated totalitarian government, territorial expansion, anti-Semitism, and Aryan supremacy

    decree- a law

    Adolf Hitler- an Austrian born leader of Nazi Germany whose policies advocated for the creation of an Aryan race of pure Germans

    Judenfrei- (German word)- a German word meaning “Jew Free”

    Gestapo- The German secret police, responsible for enforcing many of the laws put into place during Hitler’s rise to power

    Jungvolk- a faction of the Hitler Youth for boys ages 10-14, a faction that Helmuth joins

    “Heil Hitler”- a Nazi salute, required of Germany students in school

    inflation-when a currency is produced abundantly, and the normal currency becomes so much less valuable that it is almost worthless

    poverty- the state of being poor

    patriotism- devoted love, support and defense of one’s country

    SA- The Sturmabteilung (SA) or Storm Detachment or Assault Division that functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party, referred to as “storm troopers.” It played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s.

    RRG(radio)- Reich Broadcasting Corporation, was a national network of German regional public broadcasting companies active from 1925 until 1945. RRG's broadcasts were receivable in all parts of the country and were used extensively for Nazi propaganda after 1933.

    Moabit Prison- a prison, outside of Berlin’s city center, that housed political prisoners or people responsible for politically charged crimes against the government

    The People’s Court- (in WW2 Germany)

    The People's Court (German: Volksgerichtshof) was a Sondergericht, a special court, established in 1934 by German Chancellor Adolf Hitler, that handed down sentences and charged political prisoners.

    Fuhlsbuttel-a concentration camp, outside of Berlin, that was converted into a camp after being used as a prison

    draft notice- a letter from the military saying that you've been drafted, or picked to serve in the army

    The BBC- The British Broadcasting Company, which broadcasted news of the war honestly and freely

    rations-  a fixed amount of a commodity or food item officially allowed to each person during a time of shortage, as in wartime.

    kuchen- (German word) a German word for cake, usually served with coffee

    Berliners- (German word)- a German word for doughnut