Expressive Language: unable to form meaningful messages using age appropriate grammar or word finding difficulties.
Receptive Language: difficulty understanding what is being said to them.
Articulation/Speech: unable to produce age appropriate speech sounds.
Social Language: difficulties with turn taking, initiating and maintaining a conversation, repairing conversation breakdowns, perspective taking and interpreting non-verbal cues.
Fluency: also known as "stuttering". Speech that is disrupted or "bumpy" (prolongations, sound or syllable repetitions, blocks); effortful speech.
Voice: disturbance of pitch, loudness or quality in relation to an individual's age, gender and culture.
Oral Motor: difficulties with muscle function and/or motor planning.
APD (Auditory Processing Disorder): difficulties attending, poor listening skills, following multi-step directions, difficulties processing information.
Augmentative Communication: assisting non-verbal student’s communication with a communication device or PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System).