**All children develop at different rates. However, the following are general guidelines that children typically reach by the age noted.
A one year old child typically...
- Enjoys participating in social games such as peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake
- Recognizes words for common objects
- Listens when spoken to
- Turns toward a speaker
- Imitates different speech sounds
- Makes sounds to call for attention
- Uses gestures to communicate (waving to greet, holding arms to be picked up)
- Follows simple 1-step directions ("Come here" or "Clap your hands")
- Uses ten words ("baba" for bottle, "Mama"), although they may not be pronounced clearly
- Responds to "Give me" while holding an object
- Points to two action words
- Imitates 3 animal sounds
A two year old child typically...
- Identifies a few body parts on themselves or others
- Enjoys songs and rhymes
- Attends to simple stories
- Uses all vowels sounds
- Points to pictures when describe
- Follows 2-step commands ("Get the ball and throw it")
- Understands basic questions ("Where's your hat?")
- Asks 1-2 word questions ("Where kitty?" "Go bye-bye?" "What's that?")
- Puts 2 words that represent different ideas together ("More Cookie," “Go out”, "No juice,")
- Has about a 50 word vocabulary
- Understands the concept of "one"
- Uses own name to refer to self
A three year old child typically...
- Attends to stories for longer periods of time
- Is understood by familiar listeners 75% of the time
- Requests objects by naming them
- Understands opposites ("go-stop," "in-on," "big-little," "up-down")
- Follows 3-step related directions ("Get the crayon come to the table and color")
- Uses 3 words phrases (on the average) to express wants and needs (i.e., "Baby eat apple")
- Responds to and asks Wh- questions (i.e., who, what, where, when)
- States his or her gender
A four to five year old child typically...
- Recalls events about activities at school or at friends' homes
- Uses sentences that, on the average, have four words
- Enjoys playing imaginative play